Utilisation du coton transgénique et l'adaptation des paysans au marché des variétés et semences au nord de la Chine(Transgenic cotton use and farmers' adaptation to the variety and seed market in northern China)

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Identity

  • Administrated by
  • Fok Michel
  • Saved on
  • 2012-02-29
  • Modified on
  • 2012-02-29
  • Thésaurus associé
  • TropicAgrif
  • Type of operation
  • Research operation
  • Domain(s)
  • Industrial culturales
  • Description
  • étude de l'utilisation du coton transgénique avec gènes Bt dans la province du hebei au nord de la Chine et analyse de l'adaptation des paysans face à un marché très concurrentiel des variétés et des semences sans régulation efficace pour contrer la commercialisation de variétés et de semences frauduleuses et après le constat de réduction d'efficacité du coton Bt
    (study of the use of transgenic cotton with Bt genes in hebei province, northern china, and appraisal of the farmers' adaptation to a...
  • Countries concerned
  • China
  • Precision about the location(s)
  • (province du hebei
    (hebei province)
  • Scheduled starting date
  • 2005-10-12
  • Scheduled ending date
  • 2006-12-31
  • Actual starting date
  • 2006-01-10
  • Actual ending date
  • 2009-12-31
  • Mandating Entity
  • université agricole du hebei
    (agricultural university of hebei)
  • Implementation entity
  • département d'agronomie, Ms Wang Guiyan
    (agronomy department)
  • Other partners to implementation
  • CIRAD, UR SCA, Michel Fok
  • People to contact
  • Michel FOK: michel.fok@cirad.fr; tel. +33-467615606; fax +33-467615666

Funding

  • Global funding in dollars
  • 50000
  • Type of global funding
  • Self fundng
  • Other precision
  • Montant maximal estimé du financement interne, essentiellement fourni par le partenaire chinois, pour couvrir les indemnités aux étudiants et les échanges entre les chercheurs chinois et français impliqués
    (maximum amount of the estimated funding, essentially provided by the Chinese partner, to cover the expenses by the student enumerators and to enable scientific exchanges between France and China)
  • Funding organization 1
  • Agricultural university of Hebei
  • Funding nature
  • National budget
  • Funding organization 2
  • CIRAD
  • Funding nature
  • National budget

Characterization

  • Related former operation
  • étude de la rentabilité de l'utilisation du coton transgénique dans le système de production au nord de la Chine, de 2003 à 2005
    (study of the profitability of transgenic cotton use in relation to the farming system of northern China, from 2003 to 2005)
  • Related posterior operation
  • étude de l'adaptation des producteurs face à la réduction d'efficacité du coton transgénique au nord de la chine
    (study of the farmers' adaptation to the reduced effectiveness of transgenc cotton in northern china)
  • Objectives
  • Improving access to quality seeds and inputs
    Improving productivity through more suitable technology
    Improving the competitiveness of agricultural commodity chains
    Improving the management of complexes of crop pests
  • Other objectives
  • Contribuer au débat sur la durabilité de l'utilisation des OGM en agricuture
    (contribute to the debate about the sustainable use of GMOs in agriculture)
  • Studied innovations

  • Organizational or institutional innovations
  • Other organisational innovation
  • Details about organizational and or institutional innovations
  • méthode d'enquêtes sans recourir aux services officiels d'appui technique en Chine mais en mobilisant des étudiants d'origine agricole et faisant des études en agronomie
    (method of surveying in China without involving official extension services but students coming from farming families and engaged in agricultural studies)

Actions

  • Action
  • Réalisation d'enquêtes annuelles à partir de questionnaires semi-ouverts ajustés d'une année à l'autre
    (implementation of annual surveys through semi-open questionnaires which were adjusted one year to another)
  • Details
  • Les enquêtes ont cernés les caractéristiques des familles et des exploitations agricoles, les pratiques culturales et les coûts associés, mais aussi les noms des variétés de coton utilisées pour les confronter à la liste des variétés officiellement enregistrées
    (The surveys addressed the characteristics of producers' families and farms, the cultivation practices and the associated production costs, as well as the names of the cotton varieties used so as to confront them to the official lists of registered varieties)
  • Keywords
  • Industrial Crops
    Cotton
    Types of the exploited natural systems
    Systems of the crop pests
    Agronomy
    Entomology
    Integrated Management of crops
    Plant Genetics
    Biotechnology
    Economy and management
    Development Economics
    Microeconomics of farming
    Sociology and Anthropology
    Rural Sociology
    Constraints of pests
    Other arthropod pests
    Insect pests
    Types of infrastructures or public goods
    Training
    Information
    Types of production factors
    Seeds
    Types of constraint
    Lack of quality
    High prices
    Types of constraint
    Lack
    Characteristics of families
    Availability of family labour
    Level of education or training
    Family size
    Characteristics of farms
    Farm size
    Technical constraints at production
    Technical constraints in conventional mode of production
    National Dimension
    Mono local
    Disciplinary Approach
    Pluridisciplinary
    Partnership with users
    With, research real farm conditions

Results

  • Abstract of the lessons learnt
  • voir les publications dans http://www.slire.net
    (go and see the papers which have resulted at http://www;slire.net)
    "Do female-led farms perform less well in cotton production? Insight from Hebei province (China)"; "Status and factors of transgenic cotton coexistence in Hebei Province (China)."; "Broadening the scope of regulation: a prerequisite for a positive contribution of transgenic crop use to sustainable development."

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